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Rabbi Mukhayriqs Waqf to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.)

A Rabbi Allied with Prophet Muhammad By Rabbi Allen S Maller     7 January 2013 There were many Jews who supported Muhammad when he arrived in Medina. I learned about one of them from Dr. Muqtedar Khan, an associate professor of Political Science, and founding Director of the Islamic Studies Program at the University of Delaware. In an article published in December of 2009 in The News Journal. AltMuslim and Islamicity, Dr. Khan says there are many stories that contemporary Imams rarely tell their congregations. The story of Mukhayriq, a Rabbi from Medina is one such story. “I have heard the stories about the battle of Uhud, one of prophet Muhammad’s major battles with his Meccan enemies, from Imams and Muslim preachers hundreds of times, but not once have I heard the story of Rabbi Mukhayriq who died fighting in that battle against the enemies of Islam… Rabbi Mukhayriq was the first Jewish  martyr of Islam.” Mukhayriq was a learned leader of the tribe of Tha’labah who fought and died alongside Prophet Muhammed in the battle of Uhud on March 19, 625 CE. That day was a Saturday. Rabbi Mukhayriq  spoke to his congregation asking them to go with him to help Muhammed. His tribe’s men declined because it was the day of the Sabbath. Mukhayriq announced to his people that if he died in the battle his  wealth should go to Muhammed to be distributed as charity. Most Orthodox Jews in those days would not wage war on the Sabbath, unless it was a defensive war. As early as the first century, Jews serving in the Roman army were actually exempted from fighting on the Sabbath. Since the pagan Arabs of Mecca were not coming to attack the three Jewish tribes living in Medina, or the pagan Arab tribes the Jewish tribes had long been allied with, the Orthodox Jewish view was: do not fight on the Sabbath. The Torah (Deuteronomy 20:8-10) says: Jewish men who are afraid or disheartened (by thoughts of fighting on the Sabbath) should be told to go home. The Mishnah, the first legal code (Fiq) of the oral rabbinic Torah states that there are two types of war. A war of defense which is obligatory for all Jewish adult men, and all other wars, which are voluntary. Rabbi Mukhayriq’s view was unorthodox. He must have seen Muhammad as a Prophet of the One God. He also knew that Prophet  ...

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